Web Application Attacks – Types, Impact & Mitigation – Part-4


With this short article, we note a few of the typical web application attacks, impacts, and possible mitigation. In part -4 we are covering the following attacks.

Web Application Attacks

Rigorous transport security not implemented
Failure to restrict URL gain access to
Criterion Manipulation
URL Redirection



clickjacking includes mirroring a login and password type on a website. An aggressor may also pick to redirect the clicks to download malware or gain access to important systems


Clickjacking is an attack that tricks a user into clicking a website element that is invisible or camouflaged as another aspect. Clickjacking is an attack where the aggressor techniques the user into clicking one link that routes to another page.

The header supplies the site owner with control over the use of iframes or things so that inclusion of a web page within a frame can be forbidden with the deny instruction:

An assailant can impersonate other users and access/perform unauthorized activities.


Thus the application will be vulnerable to a phishing attack. An enemy can scam users into surrendering private info that will be used for identity theft.


It is suggested to implement server-side mapping of a user to availability. The functions are applicable to various privilege levels must available strictly to those level users only.

Enable HTTP Strict Transport Security (HSTS) by including an action header with the name Strict-Transport-Security and the value max-age= expireTime, where expireTime is the time in seconds that browsers should remember that the website must only be accessed using HTTPS.

when internal pages of the application can be accessed without authentication by strong browsing. All the internal pages could be accessed directly.

Rigorous transport security not implemented.


Parameter Manipulation.

Web Application Attacks– Types, Impact & & Mitigation– Part-2.


An assailant can access and take sensitive details with no authentication.

This might enable an attacker to craft a malicious URL by changing the URL stored in the specification to that of a destructive website.

Web Application Attacks– Types, Impact & & Mitigation– Part-1.

X-Frame-Options: deny

Content Security Policy (CSP) is a detection and avoidance mechanism that provides mitigation against clickjacking.

Web Application Attacks– Types, Impact & & Mitigation– Part-3.

URL Redirection.

Any other user should not be approved access to it. It is likewise advised to implement strong session management and the user ought to be logged out while attempting parameter manipulation.

when the application stops working to avoid users from connecting to it over unencrypted connections. HTTP stringent transportation security HTTS is a security policy implemented in web servers which are to engage with it utilizing only safe (HTTPS) connections.

To exploit this vulnerability, an enemy should be suitably positioned to customize the victim and obstructs network traffic. an assaulter can control pages in the unsecured location of the application or modification redirection targets in a manner that the switch to the protected page is not performed or carried out in a manner, that the attacker stays between customer and server.

X-Frame-Options: sameorigin.


Framing can be limited to the exact same origin as the website using the sameorigin instruction.


Strict-Transport-Security: max-age= 31536000; includeSubDomains.

Failure to restrict URL gain access to.

The application must allow redirection just to white list of URLs.



The parameters within the application can be altered to fetch information that is not permitted or is unauthorized.


when an application shops an URL in a parameter while enabling the user to browse in between pages.

It is suggested not to serve internal pages without correct authentication and authorization checks. It is likewise suggested to set up strong session management. http://cwe.mitre.org/data/definitions/285.html.