Web Application Attacks – Types, Impact & Mitigation – Part-4

https://gbhackers.com/web-application-attacks-part4/

With this short article, we list a few of the typical web application attacks, effects, and possible mitigation. In part -4 we are covering the following attacks.

Web Application Attacks

Click-jacking

Mitigation

clickjacking includes matching a login and password form on a site. An aggressor might also pick to redirect the clicks to download malware or gain access to important systems

Clickjacking is an attack that techniques a user into clicking a website aspect that is unnoticeable or disguised as another element. Clickjacking is an attack where the opponent techniques the user into clicking one link that routes to another page.

Click-jacking
Strict transportation security not implemented
Failure to restrict URL access
Criterion Manipulation
URL Redirection

Impact

The header offers the website owner with control over using iframes or items so that addition of a web page within a frame can be forbidden with the reject instruction:

Effect.

Web Application Attacks– Types, Impact & & Mitigation– Part-1.

Mitigation.

Hence the application will be susceptible to a phishing attack. An aggressor can rip-off users into giving up private information that will be used for identity theft.

An assailant can access and take sensitive information without any authentication.

Mitigation.

It is suggested to implement server-side mapping of a user to ease of access. The functions are relevant to different privilege levels must accessible strictly to those level users only.

Mitigation.

The application ought to permit redirection only to white list of URLs.

X-Frame-Options: deny

Also Read.

An assailant can impersonate other users and access/perform unapproved activities.

Impact.

Web Application Attacks– Types, Impact & & Mitigation– Part-2.

Strict-Transport-Security: max-age= 31536000; includeSubDomains.

Content Security Policy (CSP) is a detection and avoidance system that offers mitigation versus clickjacking.

Enable HTTP Strict Transport Security (HSTS) by including a reaction header with the name Strict-Transport-Security and the worth max-age= expireTime, where expireTime is the time in seconds that web browsers need to keep in mind that the site ought to just be accessed using HTTPS.

when an application stores an URL in a parameter while permitting the user to browse in between pages.

To exploit this vulnerability, an assaulter needs to be suitably positioned to intercept and customize the victims network traffic. an enemy can manipulate pages in the unsecured area of the application or change redirection targets in a manner that the switch to the protected page is not performed or performed in a way, that the opponent stays in between customer and server.

Strict transportation security not enforced.

Specification Manipulation.

when the application fails to prevent users from linking to it over unencrypted connections. HTTP strict transportation security HTTS is a security policy executed in web servers which are to communicate with it using only safe (HTTPS) connections.

Mitigation.

URL Redirection.

Effect.

Failure to restrict URL access.

Additionally, framing can be restricted to the very same origin as the site using the sameorigin directive.

It is recommended not to serve internal pages without appropriate authentication and authorization checks. It is likewise suggested to configure strong session management. http://cwe.mitre.org/data/definitions/285.html.

This might allow an attacker to craft a malicious URL by changing the URL saved in the specification to that of a destructive site.

X-Frame-Options: sameorigin.

when internal pages of the application can be accessed without authentication by strong browsing. All the internal pages might be accessed directly.

Effect.

Any other user should not be approved access to it. It is likewise advised to implement strong session management and the user must be logged out while trying parameter adjustment.

The specifications within the application can be become bring data that is not allowed or is unapproved.

Web Application Attacks– Types, Impact & & Mitigation– Part-3.