Web Application Attacks – Types, Impact & Mitigation – Part-4


With this short article, we note some of the common web application attacks, impacts, and possible mitigation. In part -4 we are covering the following attacks.

Web Application Attacks


clickjacking involves mirroring a login and password kind on a website. An assaulter may likewise select to redirect the clicks to download malware or gain access to crucial systems

Clickjacking is an attack that techniques a user into clicking a web page component that is unnoticeable or camouflaged as another element. Clickjacking is an attack where the opponent techniques the user into clicking one link that routes to another page.



Rigorous transport security not implemented
Failure to limit URL access
Specification Manipulation
URL Redirection

The header provides the website owner with control over using iframes or objects so that addition of a websites within a frame can be prohibited with the reject directive:


when internal pages of the application can be accessed without authentication by strong browsing. All the internal pages might be accessed straight.

X-Frame-Options: sameorigin.

An attacker can access and take delicate details without any authentication.

It is suggested to carry out server-side mapping of a user to ease of access. The functions are applicable to different advantage levels should available strictly to those level users just.

This might allow an assaulter to craft a malicious URL by changing the URL stored in the specification to that of a destructive site.

Criterion Manipulation.


Any other user should not be given access to it. It is also advised to execute strong session management and the user should be logged out while attempting parameter manipulation.

It is recommended not to serve internal pages without appropriate authentication and authorization checks. It is also advised to set up strong session management. http://cwe.mitre.org/data/definitions/285.html.


Thus the application will be vulnerable to a phishing attack. An enemy can rip-off users into surrendering private info that will be used for identity theft.

The specifications within the application can be modified to fetch information that is not allowed or is unauthorized.

An enemy can impersonate other users and access/perform unapproved activities.

Alternatively, framing can be limited to the very same origin as the site using the sameorigin regulation.

when an application shops an URL in a specification while enabling the user to browse between pages.


Failure to restrict URL gain access to.

URL Redirection.


Strict-Transport-Security: max-age= 31536000; includeSubDomains.

when the application stops working to prevent users from linking to it over unencrypted connections. HTTP stringent transportation security HTTS is a security policy carried out in web servers which are to communicate with it utilizing just secure (HTTPS) connections.

Enable HTTP Strict Transport Security (HSTS) by adding a reaction header with the name Strict-Transport-Security and the worth max-age= expireTime, where expireTime is the time in seconds that web browsers need to bear in mind that the website must only be accessed using HTTPS.


Web Application Attacks– Types, Impact & & Mitigation– Part-3.


Rigorous transportation security not enforced.

The application needs to permit redirection only to white list of URLs.

Web Application Attacks– Types, Impact & & Mitigation– Part-1.

X-Frame-Options: deny

Content Security Policy (CSP) is a detection and avoidance mechanism that supplies mitigation versus clickjacking.

To exploit this vulnerability, an assailant needs to be suitably placed to customize the victim and intercepts network traffic. an aggressor can control pages in the unsecured location of the application or modification redirection targets in a way that the switch to the secured page is not carried out or carried out in a manner, that the assaulter remains in between client and server.


Web Application Attacks– Types, Impact & & Mitigation– Part-2.

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