Web Application Attacks – Types, Impact & Mitigation – Part-4


With this short article, we list a few of the typical web application attacks, effects, and possible mitigation. In part -4 we are covering the following attacks.

Web Application Attacks

Rigorous transportation security not enforced
Failure to restrict URL gain access to
Parameter Manipulation
URL Redirection


Clickjacking is an attack that techniques a user into clicking a webpage element that is unnoticeable or disguised as another component. Clickjacking is an attack where the assailant techniques the user into clicking one link that routes to another page.

clickjacking includes matching a login and password kind on a website. An assailant may also pick to reroute the clicks to download malware or gain access to important systems



The header provides the site owner with control over the usage of iframes or things so that addition of a websites within a frame can be forbidden with the deny instruction:

Likewise Read.

Any other user should not be approved access to it. It is likewise suggested to implement strong session management and the user need to be logged out while trying specification manipulation.

when internal pages of the application can be accessed without authentication by forceful browsing. All the internal pages could be accessed directly.

Web Application Attacks– Types, Impact & & Mitigation– Part-2.

Enable HTTP Strict Transport Security (HSTS) by including a response header with the name Strict-Transport-Security and the worth max-age= expireTime, where expireTime is the time in seconds that internet browsers should bear in mind that the site should just be accessed using HTTPS.

Web Application Attacks– Types, Impact & & Mitigation– Part-3.

An aggressor can impersonate other users and access/perform unauthorized activities.


Strict-Transport-Security: max-age= 31536000; includeSubDomains.

when an application stores an URL in a parameter while allowing the user to navigate in between pages.

Content Security Policy (CSP) is a detection and avoidance system that supplies mitigation against clickjacking.

when the application stops working to avoid users from connecting to it over unencrypted connections. HTTP stringent transportation security HTTS is a security policy carried out in web servers which are to interact with it utilizing only safe (HTTPS) connections.




X-Frame-Options: reject


The parameters within the application can be become fetch information that is not allowed or is unapproved.

X-Frame-Options: sameorigin.

Therefore the application will be susceptible to a phishing attack. An assaulter can rip-off users into surrendering personal information that will be used for identity theft.

It is recommended to implement server-side mapping of a user to availability. The functions apply to different privilege levels must available strictly to those level users only.

To exploit this vulnerability, an enemy needs to be appropriately placed to modify the victim and intercepts network traffic. an enemy can control pages in the unsecured location of the application or change redirection targets in a manner that the switch to the protected page is not carried out or performed in a way, that the assailant stays between client and server.


The application must allow redirection only to white list of URLs.

Rigorous transportation security not imposed.

Web Application Attacks– Types, Impact & & Mitigation– Part-1.

URL Redirection.


Specification Manipulation.

Failure to limit URL access.


An opponent can access and steal delicate details without any authentication.

This may permit an attacker to craft a destructive URL by changing the URL saved in the parameter to that of a malicious website.

It is advised not to serve internal pages without proper authentication and permission checks. It is also suggested to configure strong session management. http://cwe.mitre.org/data/definitions/285.html.

Framing can be restricted to the same origin as the site using the sameorigin regulation.