Web Application Attacks – Types, Impact & Mitigation – Part-4


With this post, we note some of the common web application attacks, effects, and possible mitigation. In part -4 we are covering the following attacks.

Web Application Attacks

clickjacking involves matching a login and password type on a site. An opponent may likewise select to reroute the clicks to download malware or gain access to vital systems

Stringent transportation security not imposed
Failure to restrict URL access
Criterion Manipulation
URL Redirection



Clickjacking is an attack that techniques a user into clicking a website element that is unnoticeable or disguised as another aspect. Clickjacking is an attack where the attacker techniques the user into clicking one link that routes to another page.


The header supplies the website owner with control over making use of iframes or things so that inclusion of a web page within a frame can be restricted with the deny instruction:

X-Frame-Options: sameorigin.

Any other user needs to not be approved access to it. It is also advised to implement strong session management and the user must be logged out while trying parameter manipulation.

when internal pages of the application can be accessed without authentication by powerful searching. All the internal pages could be accessed straight.

Enable HTTP Strict Transport Security (HSTS) by including a response header with the name Strict-Transport-Security and the worth max-age= expireTime, where expireTime is the time in seconds that web browsers must bear in mind that the website needs to just be accessed utilizing HTTPS.

when the application fails to avoid users from connecting to it over unencrypted connections. HTTP rigorous transportation security HTTS is a security policy carried out in web servers which are to engage with it using just secure (HTTPS) connections.

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The application should allow redirection just to white list of URLs.

URL Redirection.

Content Security Policy (CSP) is a detection and avoidance system that supplies mitigation against clickjacking.

Web Application Attacks– Types, Impact & & Mitigation– Part-3.


The parameters within the application can be become bring data that is not allowed or is unapproved.

It is advised not to serve internal pages without correct authentication and permission checks. It is likewise recommended to set up strong session management. http://cwe.mitre.org/data/definitions/285.html.

Failure to restrict URL access.

This might permit an opponent to craft a destructive URL by changing the URL kept in the parameter to that of a harmful website.

It is recommended to implement server-side mapping of a user to availability. The features apply to different advantage levels ought to accessible strictly to those level users only.

Web Application Attacks– Types, Impact & & Mitigation– Part-1.



Rigorous transportation security not enforced.

To exploit this vulnerability, an aggressor must be appropriately placed to obstruct and customize the victims network traffic. an aggressor can control pages in the unsecured area of the application or change redirection targets in a manner that the switch to the protected page is not performed or performed in a manner, that the attacker stays in between customer and server.


An opponent can access and steal delicate details without any authentication.

X-Frame-Options: deny


Thus the application will be susceptible to a phishing attack. An assaulter can scam users into giving up personal information that will be used for identity theft.


Web Application Attacks– Types, Impact & & Mitigation– Part-2.

Parameter Manipulation.

An attacker can impersonate other users and access/perform unauthorized activities.

Strict-Transport-Security: max-age= 31536000; includeSubDomains.

when an application stores an URL in a parameter while enabling the user to browse in between pages.

Framing can be limited to the very same origin as the site utilizing the sameorigin directive.