Web Application Attacks – Types, Impact & Mitigation – Part-4


With this short article, we list a few of the typical web application attacks, impacts, and possible mitigation. In part -4 we are covering the following attacks.

Web Application Attacks



Clickjacking is an attack that techniques a user into clicking a website element that is undetectable or camouflaged as another aspect. Clickjacking is an attack where the aggressor tricks the user into clicking one link that routes to another page.


Strict transportation security not implemented
Failure to limit URL gain access to
Criterion Manipulation
URL Redirection

clickjacking includes matching a login and password type on a website. An assaulter may likewise select to redirect the clicks to download malware or gain access to crucial systems

The header offers the website owner with control over making use of iframes or objects so that inclusion of a web page within a frame can be prohibited with the deny directive:

Web Application Attacks– Types, Impact & & Mitigation– Part-1.

X-Frame-Options: sameorigin.

The specifications within the application can be modified to bring information that is not enabled or is unauthorized.



Alternatively, framing can be limited to the same origin as the website utilizing the sameorigin instruction.


Hence the application will be vulnerable to a phishing attack. An opponent can rip-off users into surrendering private info that will be used for identity theft.

It is advised to carry out server-side mapping of a user to availability. The functions are relevant to various opportunity levels should available strictly to those level users just.


It is advised not to serve internal pages without proper authentication and permission checks. It is likewise suggested to set up strong session management. http://cwe.mitre.org/data/definitions/285.html.


URL Redirection.

An assaulter can impersonate other users and access/perform unauthorized activities.

An aggressor can access and steal delicate information with no authentication.

The application should permit redirection just to white list of URLs.



Content Security Policy (CSP) is a detection and avoidance system that provides mitigation against clickjacking.

Enable HTTP Strict Transport Security (HSTS) by including an action header with the name Strict-Transport-Security and the worth max-age= expireTime, where expireTime is the time in seconds that web browsers ought to bear in mind that the site should just be accessed using HTTPS.

To exploit this vulnerability, an opponent needs to be suitably placed to customize the victim and obstructs network traffic. an attacker can manipulate pages in the unsecured area of the application or change redirection targets in a way that the switch to the protected page is not carried out or done in a manner, that the aggressor stays in between customer and server.

Strict-Transport-Security: max-age= 31536000; includeSubDomains.

X-Frame-Options: reject


Failure to restrict URL gain access to.

when an application stores an URL in a parameter while permitting the user to browse between pages.


when internal pages of the application can be accessed without authentication by forceful searching. All the internal pages could be accessed directly.

when the application stops working to prevent users from linking to it over unencrypted connections. HTTP rigorous transport security HTTS is a security policy carried out in web servers which are to interact with it using just protected (HTTPS) connections.

Strict transportation security not imposed.

This may allow an enemy to craft a destructive URL by altering the URL kept in the specification to that of a malicious site.

Any other user must not be approved access to it. It is likewise recommended to implement strong session management and the user should be logged out while attempting specification control.

Specification Manipulation.

Web Application Attacks– Types, Impact & & Mitigation– Part-2.

Web Application Attacks– Types, Impact & & Mitigation– Part-3.