Web Application Attacks – Types, Impact & Mitigation – Part-4


With this article, we note a few of the common web application attacks, effects, and possible mitigation. In part -4 we are covering the following attacks.

Web Application Attacks


clickjacking includes matching a login and password kind on a site. An enemy might likewise pick to redirect the clicks to download malware or gain access to essential systems

Clickjacking is an attack that tricks a user into clicking a website aspect that is invisible or disguised as another component. Clickjacking is an attack where the assaulter tricks the user into clicking one link that routes to another page.


Rigorous transportation security not imposed
Failure to limit URL access
Specification Manipulation
URL Redirection


The header provides the website owner with control over the use of iframes or things so that addition of a websites within a frame can be prohibited with the deny regulation:

It is advised not to serve internal pages without correct authentication and permission checks. It is likewise suggested to set up strong session management. http://cwe.mitre.org/data/definitions/285.html.



An assaulter can impersonate other users and access/perform unauthorized activities.


X-Frame-Options: sameorigin.

when internal pages of the application can be accessed without authentication by powerful browsing. All the internal pages could be accessed directly.

when an application stores an URL in a specification while enabling the user to browse in between pages.

The criteria within the application can be become bring information that is not permitted or is unapproved.

Web Application Attacks– Types, Impact & & Mitigation– Part-2.


Check out.

Strict-Transport-Security: max-age= 31536000; includeSubDomains.

Failure to limit URL access.

Material Security Policy (CSP) is a detection and prevention system that offers mitigation against clickjacking.

Web Application Attacks– Types, Impact & & Mitigation– Part-3.


Therefore the application will be susceptible to a phishing attack. An enemy can scam users into surrendering private info that will be used for identity theft.



Framing can be limited to the very same origin as the site using the sameorigin directive.

It is suggested to implement server-side mapping of a user to availability. The functions are relevant to different advantage levels ought to available strictly to those level users only.

An attacker can access and steal delicate information without any authentication.

when the application fails to avoid users from connecting to it over unencrypted connections. HTTP strict transport security HTTS is a security policy executed in web servers which are to connect with it using just safe and secure (HTTPS) connections.

Enable HTTP Strict Transport Security (HSTS) by adding a response header with the name Strict-Transport-Security and the worth max-age= expireTime, where expireTime is the time in seconds that browsers ought to keep in mind that the site should just be accessed using HTTPS.

Parameter Manipulation.

The application must permit redirection only to white list of URLs.

This might permit an assaulter to craft a destructive URL by altering the URL kept in the specification to that of a destructive site.

X-Frame-Options: deny

Stringent transportation security not enforced.


Any other user must not be approved access to it. It is also advised to implement strong session management and the user ought to be logged out while trying parameter control.

Web Application Attacks– Types, Impact & & Mitigation– Part-1.

URL Redirection.

To exploit this vulnerability, an assailant needs to be appropriately placed to obstruct and customize the victims network traffic. an opponent can manipulate pages in the unsecured area of the application or change redirection targets in a way that the switch to the secured page is not performed or performed in a way, that the attacker remains in between client and server.