Web Application Attacks – Types, Impact & Mitigation – Part-4


With this post, we note some of the common web application attacks, effects, and possible mitigation. In part -4 we are covering the following attacks.

Web Application Attacks


Stringent transportation security not implemented
Failure to limit URL gain access to
Specification Manipulation
URL Redirection



Clickjacking is an attack that tricks a user into clicking a webpage element that is invisible or camouflaged as another element. Clickjacking is an attack where the opponent tricks the user into clicking one link that routes to another page.

clickjacking includes mirroring a login and password kind on a site. An opponent might also choose to reroute the clicks to download malware or gain access to vital systems

The header offers the site owner with control over the usage of iframes or items so that inclusion of a websites within a frame can be restricted with the deny regulation:


Alternatively, framing can be restricted to the very same origin as the site utilizing the sameorigin instruction.

URL Redirection.

Enable HTTP Strict Transport Security (HSTS) by adding an action header with the name Strict-Transport-Security and the worth max-age= expireTime, where expireTime is the time in seconds that web browsers must keep in mind that the website ought to only be accessed using HTTPS.


Web Application Attacks– Types, Impact & & Mitigation– Part-1.

when an application shops an URL in a specification while allowing the user to navigate between pages.


Therefore the application will be susceptible to a phishing attack. An assaulter can scam users into surrendering personal info that will be used for identity theft.

Strict-Transport-Security: max-age= 31536000; includeSubDomains.


Any other user must not be given access to it. It is likewise advised to execute strong session management and the user should be logged out while trying parameter control.


This might enable an aggressor to craft a harmful URL by altering the URL kept in the specification to that of a harmful website.


Web Application Attacks– Types, Impact & & Mitigation– Part-3.

X-Frame-Options: sameorigin.

It is suggested not to serve internal pages without appropriate authentication and authorization checks. It is also recommended to configure strong session management. http://cwe.mitre.org/data/definitions/285.html.

Check out.


The application must permit redirection only to white list of URLs.

when internal pages of the application can be accessed without authentication by forceful browsing. All the internal pages could be accessed straight.

The parameters within the application can be become bring data that is not allowed or is unapproved.

An assailant can impersonate other users and access/perform unapproved activities.

Criterion Manipulation.

Material Security Policy (CSP) is a detection and prevention system that offers mitigation against clickjacking.

Failure to limit URL gain access to.


X-Frame-Options: reject

An enemy can access and steal delicate details with no authentication.

To exploit this vulnerability, an assailant must be suitably placed to modify the victim and obstructs network traffic. an assaulter can control pages in the unsecured area of the application or modification redirection targets in a manner that the switch to the secured page is not performed or performed in a way, that the aggressor remains between client and server.

Rigorous transportation security not implemented.

It is recommended to carry out server-side mapping of a user to accessibility. The functions apply to various privilege levels need to available strictly to those level users only.

when the application fails to avoid users from linking to it over unencrypted connections. HTTP stringent transport security HTTS is a security policy carried out in web servers which are to engage with it using just protected (HTTPS) connections.

Web Application Attacks– Types, Impact & & Mitigation– Part-2.