Web Application Attacks – Types, Impact & Mitigation – Part-4

https://gbhackers.com/web-application-attacks-part4/

With this short article, we list a few of the typical web application attacks, impacts, and possible mitigation. In part -4 we are covering the following attacks.

Web Application Attacks

Mitigation

Impact

Clickjacking is an attack that tricks a user into clicking a web page element that is unnoticeable or camouflaged as another aspect. Clickjacking is an attack where the assaulter techniques the user into clicking one link that routes to another page.

Click-jacking
Rigorous transportation security not enforced
Failure to limit URL gain access to
Parameter Manipulation
URL Redirection

clickjacking includes mirroring a login and password kind on a site. An aggressor might also choose to redirect the clicks to download malware or gain access to important systems

Click-jacking

The header offers the site owner with control over the usage of iframes or objects so that addition of a websites within a frame can be forbidden with the deny instruction:

Effect.

Framing can be restricted to the very same origin as the site using the sameorigin instruction.

It is recommended to implement server-side mapping of a user to availability. The features are suitable to various privilege levels should accessible strictly to those level users only.

This might permit an aggressor to craft a malicious URL by altering the URL stored in the parameter to that of a destructive site.

Effect.

Effect.

Any other user should not be approved access to it. It is likewise recommended to execute strong session management and the user must be logged out while attempting parameter adjustment.

Mitigation.

Web Application Attacks– Types, Impact & & Mitigation– Part-1.

Impact.

Thus the application will be vulnerable to a phishing attack. An assailant can fraud users into surrendering private info that will be used for identity theft.

Parameter Manipulation.

Web Application Attacks– Types, Impact & & Mitigation– Part-3.

Stringent transport security not implemented.

Mitigation.

An aggressor can impersonate other users and access/perform unapproved activities.

An enemy can access and take delicate info without any authentication.

Mitigation.

To exploit this vulnerability, an attacker must be suitably positioned to modify the victim and intercepts network traffic. an enemy can manipulate pages in the unsecured area of the application or modification redirection targets in a manner that the switch to the secured page is not performed or performed in a way, that the assailant stays between customer and server.

Strict-Transport-Security: max-age= 31536000; includeSubDomains.

Mitigation.

X-Frame-Options: sameorigin.

Material Security Policy (CSP) is a detection and prevention mechanism that supplies mitigation against clickjacking.

Enable HTTP Strict Transport Security (HSTS) by adding a reaction header with the name Strict-Transport-Security and the value max-age= expireTime, where expireTime is the time in seconds that web browsers need to remember that the website must only be accessed using HTTPS.

It is advised not to serve internal pages without proper authentication and permission checks. It is likewise recommended to configure strong session management. http://cwe.mitre.org/data/definitions/285.html.

Web Application Attacks– Types, Impact & & Mitigation– Part-2.

when the application stops working to avoid users from connecting to it over unencrypted connections. HTTP rigorous transport security HTTS is a security policy carried out in web servers which are to interact with it utilizing just safe and secure (HTTPS) connections.

Failure to restrict URL gain access to.

The specifications within the application can be become bring information that is not allowed or is unapproved.

URL Redirection.

when an application stores an URL in a criterion while allowing the user to browse between pages.

when internal pages of the application can be accessed without authentication by strong searching. All the internal pages might be accessed straight.

The application must permit redirection just to white list of URLs.

Likewise Read.

X-Frame-Options: reject